How Clothing Affects the Environment 0
Why Wear Organic? 0
Remember leisure suits, disco, and the height of polyester? Those days have faded although the synthetic fabrics will still be unchanged and haunting our nation's landfills for generations. As the public’s awareness of health and consciousness has grown, cotton and natural fibers replaced polyester and other synthetic fibers as the fabric of choice. Just as concern over the harmful effects of insecticides and pesticides in our food supply has given rise to the demand for organic produce and vegetables, concern over the high use of insecticides and pesticides in growing cotton and other natural fibers has given rise to demand for organic cottons and garments free of these and other poisons and carcinogens.
Cotton is a marvelous fiber for clothes but the way most cottons are grown raises serious health issues. Are you aware that:
- Conventionally grown cotton accounts for more than 25% of worldwide insecticide use and 10% of the pesticides. Pesticides used on cotton are among the most hazardous. In California, five of the top nine pesticides used on cotton are cancer causing.
- Children are at greater risk for pesticide-related health problems than adults. Millions of children in the US receive up to 35% of their estimated lifetime dose of some carcinogenic pesticides by age five through food, contaminated drinking water, household use, and pesticide drift.
- It takes one pound of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to conventionally grow the three pounds of cotton needed to make a T-shirt and a pair of jeans.
- Farm workers working in conventionally grown cotton fields in the US and around the world suffer from an abundance of toxic exposures and related health problems. Pesticides used on cotton cause acute poisonings and chronic illness to farm workers worldwide. Acute respiratory symptoms and other health effects in communities surrounding cotton farms are correlated with high use of defoliation chemicals.
Organic cotton is an imperative for ourselves and our world. Besides the quality-of-life benefits from organic cotton, the quality of clothing produced from organic cotton is also substantially higher. Organic cotton plants produce longer-stable cotton fibers which yield stronger yarn and more durable fabrics. Pesticide-free long-stable cotton also feels softer and more breathable and luxurious against the skin.
But organic cotton is not the only healthy fabric. Hemp has many excellent properties and is being found more and more in quality garments. Hemp is the most environmentally positive crop, actually improving the condition of the soil. It requires no herbicides and is naturally resistant to insects, fungus, and other pests.
The rate of people experiencing a wide barrage of health problems such as rashes, allergies, respiratory problems, and difficulties focusing mentally due to chemical sensitivities has been growing alarmingly. Many people diagnosed with Multiple Chemical Sensitivities find organic clothing to be essential in reducing their exposure to the vast array of toxic chemicals that we are unknowingly exposed to every day. You wouldn’t eat a bowl of pesticides drenched in insecticides. So why would you want to cover yourself in clothes doused in chemicals?
Creating Positive Change Thru Your Closet 1
Back in the turbulent 1960’s, the battles for social justice and peace were waged in the streets and campuses while their sometimes violent images were splashed across the television headline news. With time, the Hippies morphed into the Yuppies and their children have grown into Generation X and Gen Y. The collective voice for a higher quality of life has perhaps become less strident, but the desires for social justice, a healthy planet, and a pure life filled with happiness and energy are still strong and vibrant. One battle front has quietly moved into our closets. The organic clothing and eco-fashion movement has become a major and largely silent force in improving the life and health of our personal, social and global eco-systems.
When we think about global warming, growing cancer rates, deepening poverty in some of the world’s poorest countries, and even increasing chemical sensitivities, our clothes closets are probably not the first villain that comes to mind, but our clothes can be a significant, quiet co-conspirator. The global clothing industry has a worldwide Dark Side of which most of us are not aware as we fill our shopping bags with inexpensive cotton shirts from mall clothing stores. The simple act of conventionally growing and harvesting the one pound of cotton fiber needed to make a T-shirt takes an enormous and devastating toll on the earth’s air, water, and soil that impacts global health. Also, policies and practices within the cotton industry from crop subsidies to garment sweatshops create poverty and misery that stretch around the world.
Just 2.4% of the world's arable land is planted with cotton yet cotton accounts for 24% of the world's insecticide market and 11% of global pesticides sales, making it the most pesticide-intensive crop grown on the planet. The environmental damage due to toxic herbicides, pesticides, insecticides, and synthetic chemical fertilizers is significant and sometimes deadly to farm workers and wildlife near the cotton farms. Irrigation and rainwater runoff contain high levels of chemical pollutants which poison streams, rivers, lakes and seep into wells and reservoirs used for community drinking water. Many municipal water treatment centers lack equipment to eliminate these toxic chemicals before they enter city water lines. Residues of pesticides have been measured in human amniotic fluid and they accumulate in fatty tissues and have been found in human breast milk. For the chemically sensitive and everyone concerned about the levels of chemical toxicity that ultimately travel into our bodies, the cotton fields are just the beginning of the long, chemical road to our wardrobes and closets.
Chemical toxins are a growing problem for everyone – you, me, your family, people everywhere. Dr. Dick Irwin, a toxicologist at Texas A&M University, stated that “Chemicals have replaced bacteria and viruses as the main threat to health. The diseases we are beginning to see as the major causes of death in the later part of (the 1900’s) and into the 21st century are diseases of chemical origin.” The chemical toxic overload growing around us is taking many forms including increases in cancer, asthma, and a condition called Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS) which medical researchers believe to arise from a physiology that has been weakened by an overexposure to chemical toxins. This overexposure probably occurs gradually over many years. Researchers have long known that chemical toxins can be stored and accumulated in the fatty tissue and organs such as the liver. MCS is thought to be a result of the chemical “straw that breaks the back” of our body’s natural ability to purify and remove toxins and it causes a temporary or prolonged breakdown in the body’s natural balance. Harsh and toxic chemicals from clothing dyes and easy-care clothing finishes can be directly absorbed through the wearer’s skin into the blood system.
The conventional garment industry has been like a silent, global tsunami that endlessly rolls across the world swamping communities in toxic pesticides, dyes, harsh manufacturing chemicals, polluting ground waters, killing wildlife, seriously harming farm workers, often trapping garment workers – many of whom are children – in developing countries to sweatshop conditions while U.S. cotton subsidies to corporate American cotton growers depress global cotton prices to some of the world’s poorest cotton farmers in developing African countries. All this pain is for cheap, easy-care, chain store clothing which has been drenched in harsh and often toxic chemicals. And the final irony is that this chemically-laced conventional clothing then aggravates and helps contribute to growing health problems and chemical sensitivities for the wearer.
Because of the vastness of the global clothing industry, any positive changes that we can produce in our clothes closets will have large rewards. There is a growing movement among fashion designers and independent, organic garment manufacturers to create apparel that is a positive, life supporting and eco-friendly force. Katharine Hamnett, an English fashion designer deeply committed to ethically and environmentally sustainable fashions and recipient of the prestigious British Designer Of The Year Award, recently proclaimed, “I want to prove to the industry that there’s a viable alternative financial model the world can benefit from. The effect of the clothing industry has more impact on climate change than if the entire world signed the Kyoto Agreement.”
Organic clothing has come a long way since the hippie, oatmeal-type of clothes. Linda Loudermilk, another eco-fashion designer of Haute Couture who is capturing global attention stated, “I design to hit people at a gut level; to capture the soul and raw beauty of people and nature. The garments in my fall collection inherently bring up our universal connectedness and our responsibility to take care of each other and the earth. This collection is about the hope in the world and the 'we are all one' spirit.”
The deep desire to improve the quality of life individually and globally is spreading throughout the clothing and fashion world. Eco-designer to celebrities such as Charlize Theron, Gwen Stefani, Cameron Diaz and Sarah Jessica Parker, Deborah Lindquist simply declared, "I want to do my best to take care of the planet by designing with recycled and eco-friendly materials. I think we all have to start with what we know because it can seem like a daunting task since I feel the world is in crisis. I design clothing, so I figured I'd start there."
You need not be a celeb to begin to transform your clothes closet into a force for positive change. A growing number of organic clothing manufacturers are creating purely beautiful, healthy and practical clothing for everyday life using organic cottons, hemp, wool, alpaca, and newer eco-fibers such as bamboo and soya. As members of the Organic Trade Association, they also actively support the principles of Fair Trade and social justice for all farm and garment workers.
The organic and sustainable clothing industry has become a critical support for the holistic health movement. Yoga, for example, has become immensely popular to improve cardiovascular and respiratory efficiencies while reducing mental stress. It is difficult to imagine doing yoga while wrapped in conventional chemical clothing.
The most practical way to transform your clothes closet from chemical to healthy is one garment at a time. Few can afford a dramatic “everything goes” experience. When you need to replace a garment, replace it with organic. If you are replacing clothing that is still wearable, donate it to a local thrift store or homeless shelter. There are many who need decent clothing even if it is conventionally grown and manufactured. Recycling is an important, eco-friendly principal. When shopping for new apparel, forget the chain store malls and check out local and online organic clothing stores.
Clothing is innately an expression of your values, so if you care about social justice and the environment then make your clothing express those values. Katharine Hamnet expressed it very succinctly, “Are you going to mindlessly go the easy way or are you going to go the ethical way?”