Dyes- Synthetic and "Natural" 3
I thought we’d take a look at the dyeing process because so many people ask if we use “natural” dyes. The answer is no, we don’t (although we’re not entirely objecting to natural dyes), and I hope the next two blogs will explain our position! Let’s first take a look at what makes the dyes (and how they are applied) an area of concern.
Dyeing cloth is one of our oldest industries; people used natural products found around them to change the color of the fibers used to make their cloth – things like leaves, berries, or roots. The first synthetic dye was created in 1856. Today the use of natural dyes on a commercial scale has almost disappeared (except for a resurgence in the craft market) in favor of the newer synthetic dyes. The production of synthetic chemical dyestuffs has become big business, but unfortunately the production and use of these synthetic dyes is one of the world’s most polluting industries. Conventional synthetic dyes present health risks to those working with them and to those who wear them, as well as damaging the environment in a number of ways. Why?
Dyes are compounds that can be dissolved in solvents, usually water. The process of dyeing cloth uses a great quantity of water – according to the United States EPA, it takes an average of 5 – 35 gallons of water for every pound of finished fabric. That translates into 125 – 875 gallons of water to dye 25 yards of fabric – enough to cover one sofa!
The dyes in solution are absorbed by the fibers. The process of transferring the dye from the water to the fiber is called exhaustion or “fixation rate”, with 100% exhaustion meaning there is no dye left in the dyebath solution. Most conventional dyes have an exhaustion rate of 80%, meaning the dyestuff which is not affixed to the fiber is flushed into our rivers with the spent process water. Each year the global textile industry discharges 40,000 – 50,000 tons of dye into our rivers, and more than 200,000 tons of salt.
One of the most pressing issues today is the lack of fresh drinking water, and as one of the most polluting industries, textiles – and especially the dyeing of textiles – is responsible for many instances of pollution making fresh water undrinkable. In the worst cases, communities have to use polluted water to drink, wash clothes, bathe and irrigate crops and the toxins they’re exposed to can have catastrophic effects. Even in those instances where water treatment is in place, toxic sludge is a byproduct of the process. Often sludge is sent to the landfill, but the toxicity of the sludge remains – containing, among others, heavy metals, gypsum, malachite green (identified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as a priority chemical for carcinogenicity testing).
The 40,000 to 50,000 tons of synthetic dyestuffs expelled into our rivers are complex chemical formulations containing some things that are very toxic to us, such as heavy metals (like lead, mercury, chromium, zinc, cobalt and copper), benzene and formaldehyde. Many certifications, such as the new Global Organic Textile Standard and Oeko-Tex, restricts the kinds of chemicals allowed in certified products. For example, GOTS restricts amine releasing AZO dyes and disperse dyes (must be <30 mg/kg); chromium, cobalt, copper, nickel, mercury, lead, antimony and arsenic are all restricted (rather than prohibited as many people believe). So the dye formulation means a lot when you’re evaluating the eco credentials of a fabric – but almost never will you be able to find out what dye was used in any particular fabric. Copyright: Jucheng Hu
In addition to the formulation, there are requirements that dyestuffs must meet regarding oral toxicity, aquatic toxicity, biodegradability, eliminability and bi-accumulation in fatty tissues. The GOTS details are on their website: www.global-standard.org. Some dyestuff producers advertise that they have a dye group that meets these standards, such as Huntsman and Clariant. So the formulation of dyes used makes a big difference – look for dyestuffs that have been certified by a third party, such as GOTS.
Remember that if the average exhaustion rate is 80% for most dyes (i.e., that 20% of the dyestuff is expelled with the wastewater) then that means that 80% of the dyestuff remains in the fabric! In other words, those toxic chemicals remain in the fabrics you bring into your homes. What do I mean by “toxic” – if you can stand it, I’ll give a short synopsis of the effects some of these chemicals found in many dyestuffs have on us:
* Mercury: Easily absorbed thru the skin or inhalation of dust
which contains residues; effects the immune system, alters genetic and
enzyme systems, damages the nervous system. Particularly damaging to
developing embryos, which are 5 to 10 times more sensitive than adults.
* Lead: Easily absorbed thru the skin or inhalation of dust which contains residues. Impacts nervous system. Even low levels of lead can reduce IQ, stunt growth and cause behavior problems.
* Chromium: Necessary for insulin activity and an essential trace metal; at toxic levels it causes squamous cell carcinoma of the lung.
* Copper: Fatigue, insomnia, osteoporosis, heart disease, cancer, migraine headaches, seizures. Mental disorders include depression, anxiety, mood swings, phobias, panic attacks and attention deficit disorders.
* Cadmium: Extremely toxic to humans because of its inhibition of various enzyme systems; primary target organ is the kidney; but also causes lung cancer ; also causes testicular damage and male sterility. Plants readily absorb cadmium from the soil so it easily enters food chain. Chronic exposure is associated with renal disease.
* Sodium chloride (salt): not toxic in small doses (thankfully for me and my salt addiction), but the industry uses this in such high volumes it becomes an environmental hazard; an organochlorine (the class of organochlorines are very stable (i.e. does not break down into other compounds) and they bioaccumulate; 177 different organochlorines have been found in the average population in Canada and the US. Each person has a unique level at which this build-up becomes critical and triggers a wide range of health problems.) Well known effects of chronic organochlorine contamination include hormonal disruption, infertility and lowered sperm counts, immune system suppression, learning disabilities, behavioral changes, and damage to the skin, liver and kidneys. Newborns, infants, children, childbearing women and the elderly are even more vulnerable to these health impacts.
* Toluene: affects the central nervous system; symptoms range from slight drowsiness, fatigue and headaches, to irritation of the respiratory tract, mental confusion and incoordination; higher concentrations can result in unconsciousness and death. Prolonged contact can cause dermatitis. Teratogenic, embryotoxic.
* Benzene: Highly carcinogenic, linked to all types of leukemia but believed to cause the rarer forms (acute myelogenous leukemis (AML) and acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL); effects the bone marrow and decrease of red blood cells, leading to anemia, excessive bleeding and/or immune system disfunction. Low levels cause rapid heart rate, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion. Easily absorbed by skin
Better Thinking Ltd., a UK based organization, took a look at the dyes used in the industry and what they do to us and our environment. They published their findings in a paper called “Dyeing for a Change” which explains the various synthetic dyes available and how they’re used. (Click here to read about it.)
There are several classes of dyes:
1. Direct dyes: given this name because they color the fibers
“directly” and eliminates the need for a mordant (the chemical fixing
agent lots of dyes need). Azo dyes are a type of direct dye made from a
nitrogen compound; azo dyes are known to give off a range of
carcinogenic particles and have been banned in many places, including
the EU. Effluent contains 5 – 20% of original dyestuff, plus salt and
dye fixing agents.
2. Vat dyes: these dyes need a powerful reducing agent, such as alkali, to make them soluble. Expensive and complicated to use, effluent contains 5 – 20% of residual dyestuffs, plus reducing agents, oxidizing agents, detergents and salts.
3. Sulphur dyes: 90% of all sulphur dyes contain sodium sulphide, which endangers life and alters DNA, corrodes sewage systems, damages treatment works and leads to high pH and unpleasant odors. Effluent contains 30 – 40% of the dyestuff plus alkalis and salt.
4. Reactive dyes: these dyes bond directly with the fibers, rather than merely remaining as an independent chemical entity within the fiber. Applied with relatively cool water (saving energy) and
Of all the classes of synthetic dyes, a subset of “reactive” dyes (called “low impact fiber reactive”) seems to be the best environmental choice. As “Dyeing for a Change” explains:
Low-impact reactive dyes are usually defined as “low impact” because of the supposed lower fixation rate – however, these dyes have a fixation rate of at least 70%, which still leaves much room for improvement. What does make them “low impact” and classified by the EU as eco-friendly: they have been formulated to contain no heavy metals or other known toxic substances, and do not need mordants. The high cost of this dye becomes an environmental advantage, as it is cheaper to reclaim dye from the effluent rather than discharge it all and start from scratch. The water can also be recycled. The dye cycle is shorter than it is for other dye processes, meaning less water, salt and chemicals are needed. The entire process normally occurs at a pH of around 7.0, meaning no acids or alkalis need to be added to the water.
However, there are still disadvantages: like other environmentally damaging dyes, these dyes are made from synthetic petrochemicals. The process requires very high concentrations of salt (20%-80% of the weight of the goods dyed), alkali and water. Even if the unfixed dye is reclaimed, the effluent from this process can still contain high concentrations of salts, surfactants and defoamers, and is strongly alkaline. It’s also quite expensive, whereas conventional dye is cheap. This process’ effluent normally contains salt, alkali, detergent and between 20% to 50% of dye used. As reactive dyes currently make up 50% of world dye consumption, more knowledge on how to improve upon this method is needed.
Fortunately, research is being undertaken in this area, and a number of companies have produced products that improve on its impacts. It’s been found that, by pre-treating cotton with 120g of phosphate buffer per kg of fabric, no salt or alkali is needed in the dyeing process as the process can occur at a neutral pH. It also means the amount of water required can be halved and the whole dyeing process can be significantly reduced, presenting additional benefits in the form of cost savings. Compared to the other chemicals used to dye fabric the conventional way, this is a relatively low concentration, and its high exhaustion value means the effluent would only contain it in small proportions, making it a greener alternative. And British scientists have developed a way to use algae (called diatoms) to color the fabric – eliminating dyes entirely!
So you see why water treatment is critical – even if a dyestuff has a rather benign chemical formulation, the associated salts, defoamers and fixing agents must be dealt with. We chose low impact fiber reactive GOTS approved dyestuffs for our fabrics – and we made sure that all wastewater is treated adequately before release. But that’s not good enough – partly because there is still the question of the sludge created during the process and partly because we need to make sure that ALL process inputs have a benign chemical profile.
- Mikee Mercader
Latex Allergy Warning For Asthmatics 0
Individuals who work in health-care industries such as hospitals, medical offices, and dental offices are generally aware that they are at increased risk for developing latex allergies due to work exposure. However, even non-health care workers, especially children, may also be vulnerable.
There are three types of latex reactions. Irritant dermatitis, the most common reaction, is skin irritation caused by the rubbing of latex against the skin, usually rubber gloves. Contact dermatitis is a delayed skin reaction which occurs 24-48 hours after exposure to latex. Common causes of this include latex gloves or shoe insoles. An immediate hypersensitivity response happens quickly as a result of either contact with or inhalation on latex particles. It can include itching, nasal congestion, eye irritation, wheezing, coughing, laryngospasm, low blood pressure, and respiratory failure.
It is estimated that 1-5% of the general population has latex allergies while 2-17% of health care workers and 10% of rubber industry workers have similar reactions. Individuals at increased risk of developing latex allergies include those with asthma, atopic eczema and preexisting food allergy problems. Those who have had frequent urologic procedures, especially at a young age, are more susceptible, probably from exposure to latex catheters.
Other sources of latex exposure may include gloves, tourniquets, IV tubing ports, condoms, diaphragms, balloon-blowing, dental dams, erasers, mouse pads, shoe soles, elastic in clothing, adhesive tapes and bandages, orthodontic elastics, pacifiers and baby bottle nipples, goggles, and many other items. Severe reactions may occur during childbirth or during surgery which can quickly become life-threatening.
Many individuals with latex allergies may have a cross-reactivity reaction with many common foods including avocado, potatoes, tomatoes, bananas, chestnuts, kiwi fruit, and passion fruit. Apples, apricots, nectarines, celery, cherries, figs, grapes, melon, milk, papayas, peaches, and pineapples may also have cross-reactive allergic affects on those who are sensitive to latex.
If an individual suspects that they or their child may be allergic to latex, it is advisable to get advice from an allergist. Diagnostic testing may include patch testing or RAST blood testing. Skin testing may be done only with close medical supervision as potentially life-threatening reactions may occur.
Those with known latex allergies should wear a medic-alert bracelet and notify their doctor and dentist. If they need dental or surgical procedures, they need to make sure that all of the individuals involved in their care be aware of their allergies and use substitute products or cover any latex-containing items that might touch the skin. It is also advisable for those with the immediate hypersensitivity response type of reaction to carry an emergency epinephrine injection pen at all times. In most cases, even those with severe latex allergies can lead perfectly normally lives as long as appropriate precautions are taken.
- Mikee Mercader
What is Latex Allergy 0
Many people suffer from latex allergies, but do not know the cause of their symptoms. People typically dismiss their symptoms and attribute them as being something other than a latex allergy. However it is important to understand what the symptoms are if you experience allergies relating to latex due to serious health implications that could occur.
Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) is the material of choice in thousands of consumer and medical products. NRL contains over 200 proteins, 13 of which are suspected allergens. These allergens, or antigenic proteins, can cause allergic reactions in latex sensitive people.
Products with Latex
There are roughly 40,000 products that contain latex and many of these are every day products that you may come into contact with. Some of these products include:
• Dishwashing gloves
• Rubber bands
• Adhesive tape and bandages
• Pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples
• Waistbands in clothing
• Rubber toys
• Some foods (chestnuts, kiwi, passion fruit)
Be aware of the products you come into contact with on a daily basis. Repeated exposure to products that contain latex, such as the ones listed above, can trigger symptoms if you do have latex allergies.
Latex Allergy Symptoms
Symptoms can vary from person to person, but typical symptoms you can experience if you suffer from latex allergies include:
• Sneezing or runny nose
• Itchy, red, and/or watery eyes
• Skin discoloration (rash or hives)
• Tightening of chest
• Shortness of breath
Healthcare workers who suffer from latex allergies are at a higher risk than most simply because of the amount of times they put on latex gloves. Some of these allergy sufferers can experience bumps, sores, cracks and redness on their hands. Less contact with medical gloves or using a glove liner can help reduce the likelihood of suffering from these symptoms.
Those that are highly sensitive to the antigenic proteins found in
the makeup of latex can suffer far greater symptoms including:
• Difficulty breathing
• Nausea vomiting
• Rapid or weak pulse
• Loss of consciousness
Those that suffer from these reactions need immediate medical attention.
High Risk Allergy Sufferers
Simply put, the more contact you have with latex, the greater chance you have at triggering a reaction if you do have a latex allergy. Healthcare workers and those that work in the rubber industry are at the highest risk for latex allergy. Another segment of people that are at a high risk are those that have a food allergy or people that have had many operations (especially during childhood)
Actions to Take
If you think you suffer from latex allergies, be aware of the products you come into contact with on a daily basis. Those products that contain latex should be avoided. You should also consult your physician and ask to be tested for latex allergies. Waiting to be tested for latex allergies can lead to more and more allergic reactions. It is important that you see your doctor right away if you believe you have a latex allergy.
By: robby monk (http://www.articledashboard.com)
- Mikee Mercader
Latex Allergy Symptoms Severely Affect Many People 0
Latex allergy symptoms can be very troubling to the people that have an allergy to latex. This substance is used in many ways so the people who might end up with latex allergy symptom because of exposure to latex have to be very careful in their daily lives.
Latex has been used extensively for more than twenty years, and this substance is especially used in the healthcare industry. Latex is a rubber product that comes from the same trees that provide other important materials for business and industry. The natural substance that is the basis for latex is mixed with other substances to come up with this special material.
Latex allergy symptom appear in people with this allergy when they come into contact with the natural substance of latex or when they come into contact with the manufactured product.
People can avoid the allergy symptoms if the manufactured substance is produced properly, but there is no guarantee that the substance is produced properly all of the time. This substance is used in many products that people might contact in the course of a normal day. These products include balloons, rubber gloves and condoms.
Latex Allergy Symptoms Are Most Distressing
Latex allergy symptom can appear because of a slight gesture with a glove in the office of a doctor or dentist. The dust of the latex can escape from the glove if someone snaps the glove as they put it on or take it off. This movement could bring about some misery if there is someone with an allergy to latex.
These people could immediately develop latex allergy symptom. People can be born with a predisposition to an allergy to latex, and they can develop this allergy after exposure to latex over a period of time.
People who have to use products made from latex are mostly likely to develop the allergy symptoms. These people include healthcare workers who often use gloves made of latex for their work. These gloves are so important for their work because these are tools to provide hygiene to workers who come into contact with sick people.
Latex allergy symptom can be a simple or very severe rash. Latex allergy symptoms could also be very similar to the symptoms of hay fever. The greatest danger for those with latex allergies is a condition known as anaphylaxis. This reaction results in low blood pressure, breathing problems and possibly death because of exposure to latex.
- Mikee Mercader
Latex Allergy 0
Latex allergies are very common these days. More and more people are being seen to have them. Latex sensation has become serious for customers that are buying many different items made from the material. The increasing number of people that are experiencing different reactions is growing and becoming more severe to the natural proteins that are found in latex.
One type of concern for a latex allergy is the soaps that are found to be in the bag in a box. They have a latex nozzle. The latex nozzle on the soaps is made from synthetic latex and is not natural rubber latex or dry natural latex. It is said that the bag in box soaps are not a latex allergy problem any more. There are however many other types of things that are made from latex that are causing concern among increasingly people. These things are gloves, condoms, and many other products that are being used today by consumers.
Latex allergies will occur when the body’s immune system reacts to proteins that are found in natural latex made from rubber. The immune system will act as a defense that can cause many unpleasant symptoms. Sometimes these symptoms can be life threatening depending on the problem.
There are more and more cases of latex allergies being introduced.
Many of the cases will go unreported because some may not realize what
the reaction is from. Many times people that work in the nursing or
medical field are having problems with the latex allergies because they
are more prone to be around the material on a day-to-day basis.
Natural rubber latex is processed from a plant that is derived from the tree heyea braziliensis in Africa and Southeast Asia. Natural rubber latex should not be confused with petroleum based synthetic rubbers. Synthetic products that include latex house paints have not been said to have any hazard effects on anyone that has a latex allergy.
The latex allergy can be prevented by not meeting the materials that have latex in them. Just because a product says that it is latex free does really mean that it is. You should be careful and make sure that you are not going to have any type of reaction to the material before you use it. The best thing to do is if you think that you are having an allergic reaction, you should stop using the product and wash the area that has been affected immediately. If you think that you are having a bad reaction, you may want to seek medical treatment at once.
- Mikee Mercader
Organic Clothing- Putting an End to a Number of Health Problems Among Infants 0
All young children suffer from health issues at some point. This is particularly common among 1 – 4 year olds. In many cases, parents are able to detect the cause of these problems and then put the necessary measures in place to help ensure they don’t reoccur. However, there is one area of concern that many parents haven’t picked up on.
Many people might not agree, but the clothes our baby’s wear has a significant influence on their health and happiness. There are properties within baby clothes that can cause a number of skin-related problems and health problems overall.
For a number of years now, the clothing industry has been bombarded by an endless supply of synthetics, mostly because they are extremely cheap to make. Nylon and polyester are the two biggest players in the synthetic clothing market. They contain a number of toxins and chemicals that are potentially hazardous to our baby’s health.
Despite a significant shift towards products that are made from sustainable source, there are many people who continue to subject their babies and themselves to the effects of mass-produced synthetic clothing.
Unlike organic baby clothes, synthetic clothes contain things like aggressive dyes, chemical fabric treatments, brighteners and formaldehyde. In many fabrics, formaldehyde is actually used as a fire retardant to bind pigments and also create stiffness. To add to this, formaldehyde is also a carcinogen, which is commonly known for causing serious skin problems to young children, such as allergies, dermatitis and other reactions. And it’s not just skin problems that we need to worry about, as some of the chemicals used in synthetic clothing is known for affecting the immune system and cause behavioral problems among our children.
Organic clothing offers nothing but the best for our children. It includes none of the harsh toxins and chemicals associated with synthetics. Thankfully, there is a continual growth in the organic baby clothing market and along with this has come reduced prices. This only makes it easier for parents to kit their babies out in clothing that is going to help raise a healthier and happier child.
by Anita Bonita (http://ezinearticles.com/?Organic-Clothing—Putting-an-End-to-a-Number-of-Health-Problems-Among-Infants&id=4513408)
- Mikee Mercader
5 more ways you make a BIG difference when you buy organic cotton 0
Eat healthy, stay strong!
What’s in your cookies & chips? Read the labels: Carcinogenic pesticides and other additives are present in cottonseed oil and other byproducts of conventional cotton production, and our fat cells store them.
Eat healthy, stay strong II
Genetically engineered cotton has all kinds of stuff we’ve never eaten before: viral promoters, antibiotic-resistant genes, special bacteria.
Reduce premature death and suffering
Pesticide poisoning kills 20-40,000 people a year, says the World Health Organization (WHO). Three million suffer from pesticide-related disease.
Reduce cancer risks among California’s ag workers and millions who breathe the air and drink the water
Five of the nine most-used pesticides on California cotton fields are carcinogenic (cyanazine, dicofol, naled, propargite and trifluralin).
Preserve Nature’s insect predators–the good bugs
Pesticides and insecticides kill the good bugs–ladybugs, spiders, and parasitic wasps–who gobble up the bad bugs. When the bad bugs flare up again, farmers apply more poisons and the “pesticide treadmill” perpetuates.
- Mikee Mercader
What is Spandex Allergy? 21
Spandex, also known as Lycra, is a synthetic fiber. Spandex can cause allergy, resulting in rashes, redness, itchiness and hives. The chemicals used in the processing of spandex are responsible for allergies. If an individual has spandex allergy, he/she should avoid spandex fabrics and switch to natural fabrics such as cotton.
Spandex is used in sock tops, bathing suits, lingerie straps and other elastic clothing. However, usually no clothing is made from 100 percent spandex.
Spandex allergy can result in redness, itchiness, hives and rashes. In severe cases, the skin can also break out in blisters.
What causes Spandex Allergy?
Spandex is made by processing chemical agents. These chemical agents are responsible for irritating the skin and causing allergies. Here are some of the chemicals present in spandex which can result in an allergy:
MDI: MDI is used in the manufacturing of spandex. It can irritate the skin and result in rashes and redness
TDI: TDI is another chemical which is used in the making of spandex and it can cause allergy
Manufacturers have to ensure that there is no residual and unreacted TDI or MDI. This can prevent an allergic reaction.
How to Prevent Spandex Allergy?
Switch to natural fibers such as cotton. You can also choose 100% cotton products
Avoid synthetic fibers as they are more likely to cause allergy
Be careful with clothing containing elastic as they may contain spandex
If you suspect you have an allergy to spandex, try eliminating spandex containing products. If your allergy subsides, avoid spandex products.
If you experience spandex allergy, do consult your allergist. You would be prescribed topical corticosteroids or antihistamines for treating the reaction.
- Mikee Mercader
Why should you care about organic cotton? 1
Don’t ignore the hard facts when there are viable alternatives at the same price.
Organic cotton fabric allows your body to breathe more reducing perspiration and the feeling of stickiness.
So all you men out there, and you know who you are, who get the horrid feeling of underarm perspiration; organic cotton can help you reduce this.
Organic cotton allows the natural odours from your body to be released more easily and does not hold body odours or discolouration after washing.
Once again one for the sweaty men, but also for both genders when trying to shake the food and smoke smells from your clothes.
Organic cotton is softer to the touch and feels wonderful against your skin.
For those who like the skin they are in and wish to protect it, avoid putting pesticides and insecticides next to your skin. The soft feel is just magical.
Organic cotton garments contain no residual toxic substances. So you know your health and particularly your skin is safe.
This is a huge point, spending money to protect our skin from sun damage or ageing is a multi billion dollar industry. What is the point if we are ruining our skin with residual chemicals from pesticide and insecticide spraying present in regular cotton. Wear organic and avoid the cost to your skin and bank balance.
Organic cotton is not striped of its natural wax, this;
· increases the smoothness of the fabric;
· promotes a flattering drape;
· enhances the subtle yet mellowing way it absorbs and reflects light.
So you are not convinced by the above well this must have got you. If there is a point to buying new clothing it is to look damn good, right?! So if organic cotton garments are going to look better on you then they simply are a must.
The simple fact that organic cotton is better; for the environment, for the farmers and the workers is not the principle reason that you as regular consumers will feel it necessary to go out and purchase organic cotton clothing. Why?! Because quite literally this goes against your human desire. Human desire comes down to what you get out of it. Now on a basic level the majority of the market will not see the far reaching benefits of organic over regular cotton. So forget the far reaching humanitarian and environmental advantages and listen to the direct benefits to you as the purchaser, wearer or giver. Don’t ignore the glaringly obvious, buy organic cotton.by: James McAloon, March 3,2010 (http://excentree.com/blog/?p=119)
- Mikee Mercader
Why Natural Organic Cotton Clothing is Better For the Environment 1
First let me explain all the valuable uses of natural fibers, which
can be used to create over 25,000 different products! It is superior to
cotton; it can be made into rope, paper, concrete, toiletries, paint,
and so much more. It is amazing how one plant can be so resourceful and
useful, yet remain so controversial.
The short version of why hemp is illegal is because the cotton farmers in the early 1900’s, the wealthy class, protested the newly found material, hemp, from the cannabis plant. Since the wealthy did not want to change their plantations, they lobbied the government (paying them off in handouts) to keep the plant and any offspring of it illegal. Luckily, now most countries realize the benefits of hemp and are making it legal once again.
Cotton is a good product, but a better textile is natural cotton. Organic cotton grows much quicker, is a lot stronger, and lasts longer than regular cotton does. Environmentally friendly cotton makes excellent textiles that adapt to the environment. What this means is that when it is sunny outside the natural cotton will reflect the sunlight, keeping you cool. In contrast, when it is cold out, the hemp will prevent your natural body heat from escaping through your clothing.
Natural cotton has a much faster growing season than cotton; while producing higher yields. Cotton can take anywhere from six to eight months to harvest, while organic fibers only needs three months. Organic fibers grows twice as fast as cotton! Cotton also uses tons of pesticides and herbicides to manage weeds, bacterial growth, fungal diseases, and insects. Hemp is naturally grown organically, so the product is much cleaner and healthier to use.
With all these benefits, it is surprising to see that the majority of products that can be improved using natural cotton are not. Hopefully, spreading the word and lobbying the government will help increase the usage of organic hemp products. Not only will you be saving the environment, but you will have far superior products than those in the past.
by: Andy Air (http://ezinearticles.com/?expert=Andy_Ar)
- Mikee Mercader
Products Leading To Latex Contact Dermatitis 0
Latex finds use in the many products in our day-to-day lives. One can
see them at home in the form of hot-water bottles, balloons, swimming
goggles, diaphragms, sanitary pads, rubber bands, baby nipples, bicycle
parts like tubes, tires and other commonly used items like carpeting,
clothes primarily on waste bands, collars, bra straps, and underwear leg
openings. All these are potential health hazards for those susceptible
to latex contact dermatitis.
- Mikee Mercader
Cottonique: Love at first sight 0
Cottonique. It was love at first sight, but would it last a lifetime? As I slid the chemise over my head, I noticed its softness and sturdy construction. It made me feel cozy all under. But would it be the same after the spin cycle in my washing machine? Would it stand up to the heat of my dryer?
I plucked it out of the pile of freshly laundered clothes and folded it. It felt softer and kinder. So I wore it again, this time as a tank top underneath a lightweight jacket. Just a simple little thing, but it looked great.
Next time I took it out of the dryer, I wore it as a pajama top. Yes, spending this much time together means this love has lasting power. I’m about to go to http://www.cottonique.com/ and order some more great cotton apparel.
I should mention that I have latex allergies and have seen my share of unmentionables that remain unmentioned because although they were latex-free, they also didn’t fit well or feel anything like Cottonique’s latex-free, formaldehyde-free, dye-free, chemical-free, Spandex-free, pH-balanced, 100 percent natural cotton apparel with inverted seams technology.
So yes, I’m in love and hope you’ll feel the same whether you have latex allergies or not.
By: NANCY SANDER (June 11,2010)
- Admin Cottonique